Common Mosquito Species in Georgia and The Southeast

April 20, 2024 | Posted In: Mosquito

Mosquitoes are not only pesky insects that cause itchy bites but also carriers of various diseases. In the southeastern United States, including Georgia and Tennessee, there is a wide variety of mosquito species. Each of these species has unique behaviors, habitats, and potential health implications. Below are some of the most common mosquito species you might encounter in this region.

Aedes aegypti (Yellow Fever Mosquito)

  • Identification: Aedes aegypti can be recognized by white markings on its legs and a marking in the shape of a lyre on the upper surface of its thorax.
  • Habitat: This species typically breeds in man-made containers with stagnant water.
  • Concerns: A major vector for yellow fever, dengue fever, chikungunya, and Zika virus.

Aedes albopictus (Asian Tiger Mosquito)

  • Identification: The Asian Tiger Mosquito sports a single white stripe down the center of its back and white bands on its legs.
  • Habitat: Similar to Aedes aegypti, they breed in a variety of water-holding containers.
  • Concerns: Capable of transmitting Zika virus, dengue fever, and chikungunya.

Anopheles quadrimaculatus (Common Malaria Mosquito)

  • Identification: They have three long and distinct dark spots on their wings.
  • Habitat: Larvae are commonly found in freshwater habitats, such as ponds or marshes.
  • Concerns: Historically known to be a vector for malaria; however, malaria is not commonly transmitted in the United States today.

Culex quinquefasciatus (Southern House Mosquito)

  • Identification: Brown mosquitoes with banded legs and faint scales on the wings.
  • Habitat: They prefer to breed in polluted water sources including ditches and stagnant drains.
  • Concerns: Known to carry West Nile virus, St. Louis encephalitis, and filariasis.

Psorophora ciliata (Gallinipper)

  • Identification: This is one of the largest mosquito species, with a noticeable proboscis and iridescent scales on its body.
  • Habitat: Gallinippers breed in floodwaters, fields, and shallow ponds.
  • Concerns: While aggressive biters, they are not known to be significant disease vectors.

Coquillettidia perturbans

  • Identification: These mosquitoes have a unique appearance with speckled wings and banded legs.
  • Habitat: They can be found near permanent bodies of water where their larvae attach to aquatic plants.
  • Concerns: Can transmit Eastern equine encephalitis virus.

Mosquito Prevention Tips

There are some simple strategies homeowners can follow to reduce the number of mosquitos inhabiting their yard. In addition to understanding the species that are common in the area, homeowners should eliminate standing or stagnant water. Regular yard maintenance and the appropriate use of repellents can reduce breeding habitats.

Since mosquitoes are active from spring through fall, with peak activity during the summer months, it’s particularly important to be vigilant during these times. If you’re where mosquitoes are likely to be present, wearing protective clothing and using repellents on exposed skin can reduce your chances of getting bitten.

By being educated about these common mosquito species, individuals living in the Southeast can better protect themselves and contribute to the efforts to control and reduce mosquito populations in their area.

Have questions about mosquitos or need help with mosquito control? Please give us a call at 800-210-6262 – our customer service team is happy to assist you.