Cockroach infestations are disgusting. No one wants these pests around the home. However, roaches may cause more than just discomfort. They may carry certain diseases on their bodies, and they are actually one of the most common causes of indoor allergies. In this article, we’re going to take a look at the dangers posed by these insects.
Diseases carried by roaches
Although cockroach infestations do not lead to disease outbreaks, they are known to carry dangerous bacteria. According to the EPA, this bacteria can cause streptococcus, staphylococcus and salmonella if they come into contact with food. Furthermore, the World Health Organization states that cockroaches are known carriers of several intestinal diseases including cholera, diarrhea, dysentery and typhoid fever.
Not only are cockroaches capable of causing an allergic reaction, they are actually one of the most common causes of indoor allergies. Cockroaches secrete enzymes in their bodies, eggs, saliva and feces which can cause an allergic reaction, especially in children. Even more strikingly, the National Pest Management Association has found that 63% of US homes are contaminated with roach allergens. However, when looking at urban areas that number rises up to 98%.
If you are suffering from an allergic reaction caused by a roach infestation, you have several OTC and prescription medications available. The OTC medication includes antihistamines, decongestants and nasal corticosteroid sprays, and the prescription medication includes cromolyn sodium, leukotriene receptors antagonists and desentization treatments.
General cockroach information
Most people are familiar with the appearance of a cockroach. It is a long flat insect with wings that can be brown, dark brown or black in coloration. There are thousands of species of roaches in the world, but only about 30 of them are considered pests. In the US, the common species that you are likely to encounter in your home are the German, American, Oriental, and brown-banded cockroach.
Cockroach control methods
Cockroach pest control starts with prevention, otherwise the infestation will keep recurring even after the current nest has been eliminated. Roaches enter the home for several reasons, but the main draws are easy access, along with food and water sources. As such, it’s important to start by eliminating entry points into the building, and these can include cracks in the walls and floors. Leaky pipes are a source of moisture for the roaches so they need to be fixed. Next, you have to figure out where the roaches find food in your home. It could be in the food containers that you use to store food, in unsealed garbage bags, or in open pet food packages. If you are able to go after the main causes of the infestation, you are unlikely to have roaches in your home again.
There are several control methods available to the general public including pesticides and bait stations. However, cockroaches are best handled by a professional who will find the nest and kill every single insect. If you have a roach infestation and need professional assistance, contact us today.